Book Title: The Role of Autobiographical Memory and Language in Increasing Self-Efficacy in Young Adults with ADHD

Author: Brittany Krechter

Book Description: This particular work is one part of the author’s undergraduate senior capstone project and is one of 11 in the series titled “Controlling the Narrative for Peace of Mind.” Seniors enrolled in Professor Erica Kleinknecht’s capstone seminar in the Spring of 2021 all used a core set of literature as a starting point and then they personalized the content to an area of their choosing. The work here reflects an integration and application of literatures in cognitive, applied cognitive, psycholinguistic fields of study, plus additional topic-specific content.

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Book Information

Book Description

In a fast-paced and high-pressure society, young adults with ADHD often struggle with feelings of inadequacy or inability as a result of low levels of self-efficacy. While plenty of information and advice exists on the internet and social media, some of it might do more harm than good. In an effort to give psychology findings away to those who would benefit most, my project identifies interventions and practices that work to improve functioning and increase self-efficacy. These practices follow a “wise intervention” framework that identifies and addresses specific pressure points in patterns of thoughts, beliefs, and behaviors. The intended result is to work away from a self-defeating cycle and towards a self-enhancing one. This process focuses on how young adults with ADHD make meaning from their experiences and personal situations, which often involve negative judgments from important life figures such as teachers or parents. As such, an analysis of Martin Conway’s Self Memory System highlights the functions of autobiographical memory in this process of meaning-making. The formation of identity through self-attributions is also considered as it relates to motivation processes and the development of self-efficacy. Additionally, a focus on the use of language and its effects on self-views demonstrates its power on an intervention level. Self-help activities that challenge executive functioning, reframe negative experiences, and help to change mindset all contribute to the process of increasing self-efficacy and motivation. The workbook that I have created to accompany my project will provide activities such as expressive writing, attainable goal-setting, positive self-talk, and healthy reflective exercises.


Brittany Krechter




The Role of Autobiographical Memory and Language in Increasing Self-Efficacy in Young Adults with ADHD
Brittany Krechter
Erica Kleinknecht
Primary Subject
Additional Subject(s)
Cognition and cognitive psychology
Publication Date
May 12, 2021